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    Sakhalin of imperialism Russian age (2)
    Education of imperialism Russian age

     The education system of the Russian territory era was only the small school. “The number of schools is many vis-a-vis the number of attending school people”, that on the Japanese side you saw. 'According to Sakhalin and north coastal region', the number of schools of each state of 1899 (1899) year and the number of children are as in the chart below.
     The number of average of 1 school hitting children is 24 people, “頗 you put on airs in studies encouragement of the government which installs 1 schools vis-a-vis 24 less than students, you admire you do not obtain”, because, but also each school as for the teacher is 1 at a time, the majority is the deportation 殖 people graduate person, the education level is low ones, that it is concluded.
    In imperialism Russian period the school and the number (1899 end of year) of pupils
    State The number of schools The number of children
    [arekisandoru] state 10 294
    [tsuimohu] state 9 273
    Korsakov state 8 163
    Total 27 630

    Principal urban district and village

    [ruikohu] town ('from the Showa history separate volume 3 100,000,000' reprinting)

     As for the metropole of the Russian territory era, 3 cities which have state agency, it can increase [arekisandorusuku], [ruikohu] and Korsakov. In addition, the respective feature is as follows. Furthermore, history of large Tomari Cho it is reference in regard to Korsakov.

     In the town which is established in 1881 (1881) year, the population approximately 3,000 people. The central government office was placed, also military affair governor had taken working at this area. As for number of houses the inside official residence government agency has occupied about 300 doors with about 800 doors. Unlike other village urban district, we show the waiting average which which is suitable in the central city and systematically does, “there are some which 々 it should see a little and furthermore the building which is piled up becomes the 魯 national wind woodwork the [ho] 聊 appearance of the prefecture is enough is decorated”, that you could see beautiful ones where it is commented, as for especially government agency construction there is decoration mainly. In addition, is not only the official 衙 facility and also those where the branch office of the Siberian merchant many is placed and has done business are this town. Also the biggest prison “the [arekisandorusuku] prison” here was in Sakhalin.
     Eastern central area [ruikohu] city the carriage road led, imperfection, other than winter season communication did southern Korsakov city and the highway with the periodic steam ship. In addition, the [arekisandorusuku] port which is tied with the coastal region was the most important port in Sakhalin.

     As for [ruikohu] which is the unusual inland city, it is the town which develops with positive 殖 civil administration step in Sakhalin. But establishment of 1880 (1880) year, just is a village of the peasant prisoners to whom the road does not open that at that time yet, receives expiration. But, the road was made afterwards and the bridge was applied, inland urban district of parallel crosses type was formed in the result and the Russian territory age end which immigrate the many 殖 people.
     As for population with approximately 2,500 people as for number of houses approximately 450 doors. As for the building which it should observe, is a big hydraulic turbine, you say that it is the flour milling place which divides into also many ridge. In addition, the official which does not relate to the war situation 衙 and the trade mansion dispersing from [arekisandorusuku] city due to the life of Far Eastern governor-general, you say at the time of Russo-Japanese War that it displayed liveliness. The photograph 0-5-4 is [ruikohu] urban district at the time of the Japanese occupation. As width is wide, the Russian type construction large number as for the circumstances which have lined up, makes the urban district create whose scale is large on both sides. What it is visible forward the photograph is tent encampment of the Japanese military. The photograph under is the church hall of [ruikohu]. Although being the wooden church, the point which has possessed the enormous dome on back is observed. When at the time of Russo-Japanese War, those where the Russian side seals to the surrender document are this church hall, it is conveyed.

     Furthermore, because at separate paragraph you detail in regard to Korsakov it abbreviates.

     In addition, because 'there is a detailed chart in Sakhalin and north coastal region' in regard to the village in Sakhalin of these times, village summary of Korsakov state is shown in the chart below. According to this, as for the Sakhalin village it is found that thing and the most where the small-scale village such as 30 - 60 doors is the majority have been located to the coast.
     Large portion was formed also the village of rule period, to the coast section in the same way. Establishment age is concentrating after 1881 is derived from those where such colonial system starts being from this city. The village which in all the 68 villages and possesses the number of houses of 100 doors or more barely 3 places, population the village 100 or more is no more than 22 places.

     From this chart, as for average number of houses of 1 village hitting 37.26 doors, 74.07 you call to lead the number it is possible average population. In the same way, you will be able to infer also that number of people around 1 doors in Korsakov state are, 1.99 with respect to the relationship, the majority of the inhabitants development prisoner, are the village where the alone person is many. It is the number where each of them symbolizes the village structure of the Russian territory period.

    Church hall of [ruikohu]

    Village summary of Korsakov state in imperialism Russian age
    Village name Establishment Number of houses Building Population
    Korsakov skiing 1869 74 163 265
    [chihume] child [husuki] 1881 - - -
    [sorouiyohuka] 1882 26 93 81
    [mitsurehuka] 1882 11 34 34
    [naichiro] 1882 21 49 21
    [urajimirohuka] 1882 56 233 136
    [nouo] and [arekisandorohusuku] 1884 115 239 239
    [karaso] - [husukoe] 1884 45 126 109
    [garukino] and [urasukoe] 1884 52 143 117
    [pomutohuka] 1885 37 69 94
    [kuresutsui] 1885 55 136 128
    [maroi] and [takoe] 1885 26 38 76
    [toroitsukoe] 1894 134 196 276
    [uozu] child [sensukoe] 1894 15 17 19
    [puragoueshichiensukoe] 1894 19 27 49
    [petoropaurosukoe] 1894 37 54 101
    First [uosukuresensukoe] 1894 83 67 119
    Second [uosukuresensukoe] 1894 72 89 131
    [chihaporonai] 1894 6 9 10
    [usupenkokoe] 1895 45 54 79
    [pureopurazensukoe] 1895 12 9 16
    [beroreyunsukoe] 1895 43 58 17
    [chihisani] 1895 23 55 106
    [pokurohusukoe] 1895 42 74 77

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