The Sakhalin Ainu's life
Another heaven and earth Sakhalin Ainu's of
extremely north life and the Sakhalin circumstance (1918 Yutaka
sentence corporation issue) from leader: [bahunke]
Gun phase village
Leader: [atoisarande] Oka Gun
Chimura letter multi orchid Tomari, leader: [shibeken] two [shi]
Noda deserted village letter Noboru Hukutsu, story of 3 leaders the
book which tree Saburo Aoyama compiled being something which I omit
main point privately, it does. It can peep through the Sakhalin
The Sakhalin Ainu population 1708
Toyohara support agency men 219 212 women
Large Tomari support agency men 85 109 women
зњћ Oka support agency men 259 245 women
Bed fragrance support agency men 78 79 women
Support agency man during Hisashi springs 210
The Sakhalin Ainu's distribution
From now (Taisho) we decided the Sakhalin Ainu's
demarcation line before 1230, as for the Ainu village most north as
for the west seashore blessing й € installation of 49 degrees in north
latitude closely, as for the Tokai bank they were multi дѕ† adding and
the inside road.
From the line which ties these 3 points north as for
Ainu's village not to withstand, from here the other Sakhalin former
people not seeing have recorded the shadow on south. It is
thought that the Hokkaido Ainu drifting native origin did in the east
There is no letter, had reported with the
Simply at the native education place those which learn
Japanese there was the Ainu child of present time.
The inside deep water - to multi дѕ† adding 1
person, to inside inside deep water - Motoya wealth 1 person, in large
Tomari 1 person and the large Noto Lu 1 person, зњћ the Oka 1 person,
6 leaders were with the Sakhalin all island Nayori 1.
Power without fail, judges everything of
incident and adds punishment.
Detective: If the wrongdoing is done
between the same family, suitable dealing is received.
Wrongdoing homicide injury theft fraud usurpation е§¦ arson
kidnapping and the like
Civil affair: There is no civil lawsuit
regarding the money. Those which are troubled have meant that
those of the village help this.
Murder: When it is heavy, being buried
alive or when the hara-kiri with [makiri], it is light, the assailant
gives treasure ones on victim side. (The Sakhalin Ainu calls
punishment of the [ashin] [be])
Injury crime: [ashinbe]
зЄѓ stealing: [ashinbe], in case of
re-offense when the finger is cut down, it is.
Fraud usurpation: [ashinbe] however, almost
there is no case
е§¦: [ashinbe], in other words the е§¦
husband sends the treasure to Motoo
Releasing fire: [ashinbe], however
almost there is no case
Inviting : [ashinbe], the treasure
is sent to the parent of the one where the parent of the one which it
starts accompanying starts accompanying.
Inside the village generally thing has tried to
rule judgment do, really crimes are very few, is. In addition
it depends on Ainu's habit concerning the civil criminal problem
between Ainu е‹… with.
God: The God way there are various ones.
Way in the mountain mountain no God, in the sea God of the sea,
in area God of area, in the sun God of the sun, God of month, with you
say in month, everyone God way it believes that it is.
Festival God: Everyday you do not celebrate, but
lifting up abundance г[inau] in year, you celebrate.
Bad God: That the fox which deceives the person
is bad God, it is said.
Conception of postmortem: There is no Buddhism in
the Sakhalin Ainu, it goes to the pleasant good place where but as for
the good man postmortem, the parent sibling it is, the bad guy is
reported that it goes to the hell.
Bear festival: The bear celebration the ceremony
and is strict with the very important festival of the Sakhalin Ainu's.
Purpose God like the mountain being, in order to celebrate, is
not the case that you celebrate the bear. The bear to God like
the mountain as offering reaches to the God way origin.
Because there is no either letter, there was no
either school, but after the Japanese possession it could provide the
native education place and the school which teaches the Japanese
letter it was possible.
Between the Sakhalin Ainu in the past there is
no money and a money altogether, the only property is еЇ¶ ones.
Any еЇ¶ things generation generation sword where it is
transmitted & spear & bow arrow and the ball textile goods container
which is exchanged with the Manchurian person, furthermore are the
Sakhalin dog which is used in the dog sled from the ancestor.
Is because those which insist right to land ones are little,
think those of the heaven и€‡. Therefore those where the civil
lawsuit which insists property right is little are proper thing.
The wife promise of the parent is possible to
the еЁ¶ г‚‹, agreement of this person becomes necessary. If
story is decided, you carry еЇ¶ ones of the гЃѕ гЃҐ 12 й»ћ from the
house of the son-in-law. Especially there is no formula of
wedding, but things such as neighborhood and the kindred it is
something of the extent which drinks.
After becoming the married couple, if it agrees
the fact that both parties separate, the wife coming out of the house
of the husband, returns to the parents' home. This time it does
not return any еЇ¶ things when marrying. After in the parents'
home return also both parties as for getting married with the other
man and woman are free.
If you die, the person of person of the village
or relative neighborhood sends the food to the house of the deceased.
You bury the cadaver with everyone and raise wooden mark.
There is no seedling letter in the Sakhalin
Ainu. There was just a name which the parent attaches.
After becoming Japanese territory, the seedling letter is
possible, now it is the same full name as the Japanese.
If the master of the house dies, the eldest son
inherits, when when there is no boy, the woman inherits, there is no
child receiving the child, there are times when it makes the
successor. In addition there are times when the son-in-law
adopted child is done in the daughter.
In the past because there is no United States,
had eaten the fish meat. Making the trout salmon dry, mixing
the grass root and Konomi in this and boiling with the oil of the seal
it eats. Cooking with all seawater, it had a meal.
The animal meats you eat the bear dog deer sea animal
cow horse, like plant such as mountain lily seaweed water plant leek
green onion and eat. The winter has eaten shaving dried ones of
The boy is fishing industry and hunting of the
salmon trout mainly. The Pisces are daily food, but the winter
meat such as the dog иІ‚ otter fox which is captured is designated as
the food and, the fur exchanging with the Japanese, has obtained
various ones. The woman the skin of the wooden grass the joint
weaves the clothing personally.
Cause of the Sakhalin Ainu population decrease
Taste of the intense beverage, also
intermarriage and change etc. of the food are thought, you can think
the lack of hygienic consciousness and medical knowledge but mainly.
Value of hygiene is not known, because also the house is poor,
if there is no place where the sick person should recuperate and
depends on the illness many die and population has decreased
gradually. Birthrate being high, mortality rate of the child is
high, but it is present condition.
The Sakhalin resident race population (1916)
1916: Population of the classified by
Kazuto 74372 person
1708 Sakhalin Ainus
Gilyak ([nibuhu]) 108 people
Orokko ([uiruta]) 347 people
Thunder 1 person
Key phosphorus (Tungus) 24 people
Support people 21
The Sakhalin Ainu
It is Ainu who literally, former occupancy is done
The Sakhalin Ainu's house and family
The Sakhalin Ainu's social life as had the form
which almost is in common with the Hokkaido Ainu, in the г‚іг‚їгѓі
unit seems that lives with the hunting sphere in the shoreline and the
river paralleling etc.. Different from the Hokkaido Ainu,
agriculture when it has not gone, is forcing.
Influencing also climate, it seems that was mainly seen in
the Sakhalin south half. Simply, even in the north section all
it seems that island resides from the fact that you can see Ainu place
name. In addition it seems that trades with the mountain red
lead person of the continent the surplus goods of life not only Ezo
Life of four seasons
Being something which centers fishing and hunting,
when spring it thaws, it starts in the man and woman regardless of
herring fishing, it seems that is devoted to fishing and hunting to
salmon fishing of the fall. As for the boy the deer hunting and
the mountain greens taking, as for the woman it seems that made the
clothing and the trade item of the family in the interior in the
mountain from the fall extending through the winter.
In addition from the fact that the winter is harsh the
food of winter season (dried ones of the fish) and the oil of the sea
animal from the fact that you cannot miss as the food, before entering
to the harsh winter the fact that these ones are guaranteed was
Summer season and with south as Hokkaido гѓЃг‚» it
seems that almost is same ones. Simply, at the place where such
as north section cold of the winter is very harsh and hinterland, in
Hokkaido the hole where it was done in prehistorical era it stayed in
order to prevent chill and (was called гѓ€г‚¤гѓЃг‚») in winter as
done, as for toy гѓЃ г‚» in around 9 October which salmon fishing ends
to be made, spring it seems that was passed to around upcoming March.
From the fact that cold is harsh the hide was the
necessity because of protection against the cold. Season other
than that seems from the Hokkaido Ainu that much that such as grass
skin bark is not different.
It seems that in spiritual life shamanism
controls, produces effect to also г‚¦г‚¤гѓ«г‚їand гѓ‹гѓ–гѓ•.
West coastal multi orchid Tomari knowledge coming
tow fluorine, it seems that has the village in falling sail Shirahama
inside road new question multi easy adding of the Tokai bank.
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